Data spaces are to be opened up
The EU Commission would like to facilitate
better use of the data available in the public sector. In addition, it should
be made easier for companies and citizens of the European Union (EU) to make
their data available on a voluntary basis. There would be a significant volume
of voluntarily disclosed data that could be collected this way. This data is to
be pooled together and made usable. The Commission does recognise the need for
organisational concepts and structures to achieve this. An overarching
framework was needed to avoid detrimental fragmentation of the internal market
caused by the lack of synergy between sectors and Member States.
Towards a single data market
In addition, the costs of data use are to
be reduced by improving technical interoperability, standardising the steps for
data collection and creating units through which data exchange can be organised
(data intermediaries). The aim is to increase the overall cross-border
availability of data for research and for "innovative users", to
further develop the European single data market and to exploit the available
data potential. To this end, the management and performance structures for the
use of data in business and society must be further strengthened.
European Health Data Space
The initiative is embedded in the European
Data Strategypublished February this year. This provides for sector-specific
data spaces, which operate on the basis of existing laws such as the General
Data Protection Regulation. These data spaces should improve public services.
In the health sector, for example, the establishment of a European Health Data
Space is envisaged. The "European Health Data Space" is to be created
in order to harmonise the handling of health data for doctors and health
researchers throughout Europe, thus contributing to health care.
The Commission now intends to examine
different options. These range from the exchange of experience between Member
States to the obligation of Member States to offer certain support services to
research and business. European institutions or organisations could assist them
in this respect.
The results of the early impact assessment should be available this month. A legislative proposal for a legal framework
for the governance of Common European Data Spaces is announced for the fourth
quarter of 2020. Under the Open Data Directive, a procedure for the adoption of
an implementing act on high quality data sets could be launched in the first
quarter of 2021 to make data sets available in the EU free of charge, in
machine-readable form and via standardised Application Programming Interfaces