of the European Union (EU) are entitled to social benefits – regardless of their place of residence within the EU. These are
coordinated between the Member States and their social security systems by
means of regulations under European law. Digital exchange of the information
required for this should be possible in the foreseeable future. One instrument
for this is the European Social Security Pass (ESSPASS), the implementation of which is currently
being tested in a pilot project.
Digital transformation in public administration
Shaping Europe's digital future is one of EU's top priorities. The digital
sovereignty of the EU is to be expanded as part of a digital strategy. The
digital transformation should take place in line with European values and basic
at the heart of the digital transformation. Not only is their volume growing, their uses
are also evolving. Therein lies the great opportunity for more effective and
efficient processes, for instance in public administration. The digitisation of
public services is one of the four key target areas of the policy programme Europe’s
Digital Decade 2030.
Coordination of the European social security systems
on the coordination of social security systems call on Member States to use
digital technologies to exchange and process data among themselves. For this
purpose, a system for the European Exchange of Social Security Information (EESSI) has been introduced. It enables European
social security agencies to exchange information quickly, securely and without
citizens should also benefit from the advantages of digitisation, especially in
cross-border activities. In short, all important administrative services should
be available online for them in the future. To this end, the European
Commission has developed, among other things, a European Digital Identity (EUid).
Pilot project: digital European Social Security Pass
project was also launched in March 2021 to test the feasibility of introducing
a ESSPASS by 2023. Germany is also involved in the project. The initial focus is on the
electronic A1 document, which employees use to prove that they are covered by
social insurance via their home country when travelling on business in other
Core specifications: Security and privacy
and privacy are a key concern when it comes to the ESSPASS. EU data protection
and security rules should also apply to all data processing activities here,
and citizens should retain control. The aim of the current pilot project is to
develop suitable solutions for this that are also technically feasible
(feasibility test). A European blockchain infrastructure is to be used for this
purpose. "Real" personal data has not yet been exchanged.
Next milestone – ESSPASS
results of the ESSPASS pilot project on digitisation, using the A1 document as
an example, are expected later this year. Based on these, the continuation of
the digitisation of the European Health Insurance Card is planned until 2023.
In future, it should be possible to request proof and certificates relating to
social security completely online and to check them for validity and
overview of the pilot project can be found in a recent information sheet.