On 3 June, the EC proposed a legal
framework for an eID (European digital identity) system. This eID should be
available to all EU citizens and businesses in the EU. Its implementation was
previously announced in the action plan for the European Pillar of Social
Rights in connection with the European Social Security Passport (see News 03/2021).
Upgrading mobile phones
An eID should be available to anyone who
wants to use it. In the future, it will be possible to produce your own ID and
electronic documents from the electronic wallet on your mobile phone.
Users should also be able to prove certain
personal characteristics in order to access public and private digital services
in the EU. Examples worth mentioning here would be checking-in at an airport up
to renting a car and they would also include a stored digital driver's licence
as well as education certificates or football and concert tickets kept in your
Privacy under one's own control
Users should have complete control over
their own data, manage it, and also choose which aspects of their identity,
data and certificates they want to share with third parties as well as be able
to track the sharing process. User control is designed to ensure that only
information that needs to be shared is actually shared.
Technology over use
In parallel to the legislative process, the
EC will work with Member States and the private sector on the technical aspects
of the European digital identity. Many Member States have included projects for
implementing eGovernment solutions, which includes the eID, in their national
plans, under the NextGenerationEU programme.
The proposed regulation was also
accompanied by a recommendation. In it, the EC called on the Member States to
establish the instruments needed by September 2022 and to start the necessary
preparatory work without delay. This “toolbox” should include the technical
structure, standards and best practice guidelines. The ball is now in the
Member states' court.
Cross-border use is wanted
By 2030, all major public services should
be available online. It is also planned that all citizens will have access to
their electronic medical records. The target is that 80% of citizens should use
an eID solution. Building on initiatives announced in the Action Plan on the
European Pillar of Social Rights, the sharing of social security cards or
digital travel documents should also be made possible. This should reduce the
cross-border administrative burden for citizens and businesses in both the
public and private sectors.